Occupies the extreme northeast corner of the continent of Africa and a small area of southwest Asia (Sinai Peninsula).
Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, by Sudan to the South, by the Red Sea and Israel on the east, and by Libya on the west.
Border Countries: Gaza Strip 11km, Israel 255km, Libya 1.150km, Sudan1.273km
Geographic Coordinates:27 00 N, 30 00 E
Map References: Africa Area
Total: 1,001,450 sq km
Land: 995,450, sq km
Water: 6,000 sq km
Lowest Point: Qattara Depression – 133m
Highest Point: Mount Catherine 2,629m Background Nominally independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following World War II.
The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt.
A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab World), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society.
The government has struggled to ready the economy for the new millennium through economic reform and massive investment in communications and infrastructure.
Egypt time zone is GMT+02.00 from 1st October till 30 April and GMT+03.00 from 1st May till 30 September due to summer daylight saving time. Weekends are on Friday.
Some stresses are closed on Friday for the Moslem's Prayer.
Most currencies exchange locations are open 7days a week, but most banks are closed Friday and Saturday, most stores and businesses.
Natural Resources:Petroleum, Natural Gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead and zinc.
Environment Current-Issues: Agriculture land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands; increasing soil salivation below Aswan High Dam, desertification; oil pollution threatening coral reefs, beaches, and marine habitats, other water pollution from agriculture pesticides, raw sewage and industrial effluents; very limited natural fresh water resources away from the Nile which is the only perennial water source, rapid growth in population overstraining the Nile and natural resources.
Population: 70,712, 345 (July 2002 EST.) Age Structure: 0-14
years: 33.96% (male 12,292,185; female 11,721,469) 15-64 years: 62.18% (male 22,190,637; female 21,775,504) 65 years and over: 3.86% (male 1,191,091; female 1,541,459) 2002 EST. Religions: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 94% Coptic Christian and other 6% Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes.
Economy:There have been mixed opinions on the recent state of Egyptian economy.
Tourism has remained a major industry, employing around 150.000 people, and there has been substantial investment in beaches, historical sites, hotels and resorts.
Agricultural products especially cotton and Oil continues to be significance exports.
The construction and property industries are suffering due to a lack of growth and investment, and unemployment has become a problem with around five million citizens, often of degree standard, looking for work.
This rise in unemployment has been accompanied by a slowing down of the privatization process.
Social Life: Perhaps the greatest change was a new conception of family ties.
Whereas, as already mentioned, these were not very strong in Ancient Egypt except where husband, wife and children were concerned.
Islamic Egypt developed a sense of family feeling which remains unaltered to the present day.
It is probably due to this factor, to the mutual aid and support which all members of a family feel bound to extend to each other, that the social problems of modern Egypt are less acute than in many other countries.
It has however the twentieth century and the reign of King Fuad that were to bring about a real change in the social life of Egypt.
To peasant in the village the cinema and the radio have brought a world hitherto beyond his ken; to the growing child education is opening wider horizons.
These influences must and do affect the lives of the people.
Meanwhile higher up in the social scale, it may be said that social life in modern Egypt is on a par with that of any other enlightened country.
The amenities of an advanced civilization are available; social restrictions which might limit their enjoyment are rapidly dying out; while the Egyptian tradition of courtesy and hospitality adds, to the social life of the present day, a grace and a charm of its town.
Egypt is actually a wonderful and delightful mixture of traditions, with a socioeconomic structure which allows, more and more a gradient of classes.
But one must look, and feel with the heart in order to touch this essence of Egypt.
A considerable amount, if not majority, of Egypt's population now live in larger cities, mostly Cairo and Alexandria. In fact, these two cities dominate the vision of most foreigners.
They are vitally important to Egypt's culture, but one should not neglect the many other moderately sized cities. And within these cities there is a virtual kaleidoscope of social stratas.
There are doubtless the poor, the recent fellahin come to the city, and the lower echelons of what we will call the commercial or merchant class.
They are evident, and plentiful.
But these businessmen merge into the middle class, and then upper middle class.
More than a few become wealthy.
Egypt has also moral culture, which these authors admire whole heartedly.
In a city the size of Cairo, there is virtually no crime rate.
Many westerners believe that this is due to stiff punishment, but the real reason is the population's loyalty to their religious faith. The virtual absence of drinking and drugs among the local population, prohibited by their Islamic law and enforced by their own piety, surely has much to do with this.
When one ceases judging cultures purely from the standpoint of material wealth and begins to see the humanistic success of Egyptian culture, it is difficult for a person of any religious persuasion not to develop a deep respect for Islam. Weather The following table for you as a guide so that you know what to expect and what to bring.